Aims and Scope
Asian Development Perspectives (ADP) is dedicated to the timely publication of original articles related to poverty alleviation and/or international development, broadly conceptualized, in any location globally. Papers of all methodological and disciplinary approaches are welcome, and we particularly encourage submissions examining Asia’s role in these issues.
Formerly known as The Journal of Poverty Alleviation and International Development (JPAID), ADP is the English-language peer reviewed journal of South Korea's primary university-based center for research on poverty and development, the Institute for Poverty Alleviation and International Development. It is housed within Yonsei University, one of Korea's leading and most research-intensive universities. ADP is free and an open-access journal. South Korea is one of only a handful of countries that have successfully transitioned from low-income to developed country-status since the end of World War II. In line with this growing global responsibility, and with funding support from the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF-2013S1A5B8A01055336), the Institute of Poverty Alleviation and International Development and Yonsei University produce ADP to provide a venue for rigorous scholarship on development issues that is accessible to a diverse international audience.
ISSN 2635-4659(Print), E-ISSN 2636-4683(Online)
Publication schedule: 2/year (June & December)
IPAID is supported by a National Research Foundation of Korea grant (NRF-2013S1A5B8A01055336)
Explaining Catch-Up in Human Development: A Political Economy Comparison of the Philippines and Viet Nam Since 1986
Author_ Bob Baulch
Abstract_ This paper examines the Philippines and Viet Nam’s contrasting human development and growth experiences since 1986 from a political economy perspective. By a sequenced combination of market liberalization, land reform, and public investments in health and education, plus large aid and foreign direct investment inflows, Viet Nam generated broad-based, sustained, and rapid economic growth. Viet Nam’s authoritarian but socially inclusive governments then used progressive taxation and inter-provincial transfers to translate this growth into human development outcomes. In contrast, in the Philippines, traditional elites were able to dominate the democratic process, capture rents and divert resources away from investment in human development and infrastructure, thereby stifling a short-lived g...Read more >
Key words_ Human development, Economic growth, Political economy, Philippines, Viet Nam
Structural Change: Is South Korea a Good Model for Developing Countries?
Author_ Richard Grabowski
Abstract_ South Korea’s structural change process seems to have been the result of an unbalanced growth strategy in which the agricultural sector was basically ignored for several decades while investment was focused on manufacturing. It has been argued by some scholars that for many of today’s developing countries this sort of development strategy is likely to be successful. However, it is argued in this paper that the early success of this unbalanced approach based on manufacturing rather than agriculture is not a good model for others to follow. Specifically, commodity aid (food and raw materials) was critical for South Korea’s unbalanced growth strategy. Without access to such significant amounts of aid most developing countries are unlikely to achieve successful structural transformation. As...Read more >
Key words_ Structural change, South Korea, Unbalanced growth, Agriculture
Are Saving and Bequest Constraints the Only Reasons for Child Labor? Evidence from Bangladesh
Author_ Md. Deen Islam
Abstract_ This paper proposes a two-sector model of child labor to argue that income channels are necessary but not sufficient to explain the high incidence of child labor that we currently observe in less developed countries. In addition to income channels, the model in this paper uses two extra channels: parental optimism regarding the future and child’s scholastic ability, which affects the costs of education in terms of money and time. The model’s predictions are tested using data from the child labor survey of Bangladesh. Empirical results provide strong support in favor of the model's predictions that non-income channels have significant effects on the amount of time worked by child workers.
Key words_ Child Labor, Household Poverty, Parental Perception, Informal Sector, Returns to Education, Heterogeneous Ability
The Impact of Migration and Migrant Remittances on Household Poverty in Bangladesh
Author_ Nahid Akhter and Md. Kamrul Islam
Abstract_ Bangladesh is one of the major suppliers of migrant workers especially to the Middle East, and the flow of remittances has increased from $2.8 billion in 2002 to $13.52 billion in 2017, which is more than 5 per cent of the country’s GDP. This article investigates the impact of domestic and international migration and subsequent remittances on poverty. The empirical analysis reveals that there is a significant relationship between growth in remittances and different outcome variables in the economy with positive impact on poverty, household income and financial inclusion. The results indicate that both domestic and international remittances have positive impact on poverty alleviation; and these results are statistically significant. International migration and remittance supplies are impor...Read more >
Key words_ Remittances, Savings, Migration, Income, Poverty, Bangladesh
Changes in Women’s Operation of Agricultural Units in Peru: Economic Advance or Impoverishment of Female Farmers?
Author_ Eduardo Zegarra
Abstract_ Figures from the last two agricultural censuses in Peru indicate significant changes in the presence of women conducting agricultural units. Altogether, women went from controlling 20% in 1994 to 31% of total agricultural units in 2012. In the conventional discourse, this is mostly assumed to be clear evidence for the “economic advance for women”, linked mainly to the increased access to agricultural land. This trend, however, can also be associated with a process of impoverishment, especially if women control increasingly smaller and low productivity agricultural units, and face unsurmountable barriers for better education, financing of high value crops and cattle, formal titling and other key services. In this paper we use a panel of districts from these two censuses to disentangle the...Read more >
Key words_ Agricultural feminization, Gender analysis, Women economic advance, Rural Impoverishment, Peru
Crypto-governance Blockchain Governance for Sustainable Development Goals 16 and 17
Author_ Reshma Kamath
Abstract_ Cryptogovernance, governance on the blockchain, has real, long-lasting potential to impact the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals 16 and 17. The idea of Cryptogovernance embeds consensus protocols, rights-based mechanisms and a convergence ecosystem. Through institutional reform via proof of attestation and proof of corruption, blockchain protocols are transforming interactions between people and systems. Several blockchain projects, though nascent and evolving, have instituted such reform (voting, asset tracking, tokenization, ecosystem building), yet development and public sector is lagging behind. This paper helps connect the dots between technology and governance, via a cryptogovernance framework.
Key words_ Blockchain, Sustainable Development Goals 16 and 17, Cryptogovernance, Proof, Rights, Tokens
Institute for Poverty Alleviation and International Development (IPAID) at Yonsei University
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